Brexit or the “Norwegian model” All you need to know is here
The British Brexit Commission had a major intervention in the British Brexit debate last week as it urged Prime Minister Theresa May to consider the “Norwegian model” as an official alternative.
Britain urged to consider accepting the “Norwegian model”
Labor sources by the Clinton expressed cross-party committee of the European Parliament off Benn (Hilary Benn) leadership, if Theresa May failed to reach 15 goals in European negotiations off, perhaps you should consider the Norwegian model as options.
These tests include: Maintaining the Irish soft border; trade between the United Kingdom and the European Union continuing, without incurring new costs; fully joining several European institutions.
The EU has ruled out many tests. The reason given is that if the United Kingdom does not stay in the EU single market and customs union, these goals cannot be achieved.
Britain’s Brexit Minister David Davis had previously ruled out the so-called “Norwegian model.” Davis believes that in many cases, this model will lead to the worst results in September.
However, the British government has made concessions on many Brexit positions. If Theresa May fails to achieve her goal of negotiation, Britain may be forced to reconsider the “Norwegian model” that was rejected.
Here are some key questions about the “Norwegian model”:
What is the “Norwegian model”?
Norway is a member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and the European Economic Area (EEA).
EEA members have the right to enter the EU single market, but also have the obligation to pay dues and comply with the main EU laws . At the same time, immigrants are free to go in and out, but they are not subject to EU regulations on agriculture, fisheries, justice and family-related regulations. The members of the European Economic Area also include the EU’s current 28 member states, Liechtenstein and Iceland.
EFTA’s aim is to achieve in the Union free trade area among member countries and the expansion of industrial agricultural products ( 000061 , stock it ) trade; ensure that trade between Member States carried out under conditions of fair competition; development and expansion of world trade and the gradual removal of trade barrier. Its main tasks are: to phase out the tariffs and other trade barriers of industrial products within member states in order to achieve “free trade”; to maintain tariffs on industrial products in other countries; to expand trade in agricultural products; not to seek any form of European political integration.
EFTA consists of four countries: Norway, Liechtenstein, Iceland and Switzerland. The group trades with each other and has signed free trade agreements with non-EU countries such as Canada , Mexico, and other countries.
EEA membership applies only to the EU or EFTA member states. Therefore, if the United Kingdom leaves the EU in accordance with the “Norwegian model”, the United Kingdom can leave the EU, join the EFTA, and then become the 31st member of the EEA.
If the United Kingdom leaves the EU in accordance with the “Norwegian model”, what are the benefits?
If the UK can join EFTA and EEA at the same time, it can continue to fully enter the EU without having to bear the tariff. This will include the service industry. The service industry currently accounts for about 80% of the UK economy.
Most studies show that this will be the least destructive model in Brexit. The British government’s own impact assessment found that from an economic point of view, the “Norwegian model” will be the least destructive option.
Although Britain will retain full single market access, it will not be forced to sign some of the EU’s more controversial options. For example, Britain will not be forced to join the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy. For a long time, this has been a worrying issue for Brexitians. In addition, the “Norwegian model” will also exempt the common agricultural policy.
How to deal with the controversial issue of the European Court of Justice?
The Brexit people eventually decided to abandon the EU Supreme Court’s jurisdiction over Britain. According to the “Norwegian model”, the European Court has no jurisdiction over the United Kingdom.
What are the disadvantages of the “Norwegian model”?
The “Norwegian model” clearly has its own advantages, but it is not without criticism.
Although Britain will eventually get rid of the EU court, it will be forced to reach an agreement with the European Free Trade Union Court. For most Brexitians, this only represents another irresponsible behavior that interferes with overseas justice.
If it becomes an EFTA/EEA country, the United Kingdom has problems with its influence. According to the “Norwegian model,” the United Kingdom will fully enter the single market, but the right to speak in formulating rules is much less than that of EU member states.
Critics of the “Norwegian model” accuse this way of gaining benefits by sacrificing the right to speak. Norway has not formally participated in the EU’s decision-making, but it has incorporated about 75% of EU law into its national legislation.
How to deal with immigration issues?
Immigration is obviously the most concerned issue. The public’s desire to control immigration can be said to be the greatest motive for the British Brexit voters, and the British government vowed to end the free flow of EU citizens.
EEA member states are required to accept the four principles of freedom, including the free movement of people. Obviously, this is a political risk for any government, so it is unlikely to be accepted.
There is a way to solve the immigration problem, but it may not be realistic. Article 112 of the EEA agreement allows non-EU member states to opt out of the four principles of freedom when faced with severe economic, social or environmental pressures. For example, Liechtenstein had used Article 112 to control the free movement of people because of the fear that the size and resources of such a small country could cope with the large influx of people. However, the United Kingdom is unlikely to replicate this situation.
What does the “Norwegian model” mean for the Irish border?
Perhaps the most powerful reason to choose the “Norwegian model” for the implementation of Brexit is that it will solve the Irish border issue to some extent.
By maintaining close contact with EU rules, the United Kingdom will avoid the non-tariff barriers on the Northern Ireland border.
This is not a complete solution. In order to eliminate tariff barriers, Britain needs to join the current or new EU Customs Union after Brexit, but this point has not been included in the “Norwegian model.”
The British government does not seem to have found a solution to avoid the hard border of Ireland. It is not surprising that if Teresa May and others begin to soften their attitude towards the issue.